Jean-Paul RIOPELLE |
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Canada 1923 - 2002
Riopelle, Jean-Paul, Painter, sculptor (born at Montreal 7 Oct 1923). An original member of the AUTOMATISTES, he is the Internationally-acclaimed Canadian painter of the 20th century. While a student of Paul-Emile Borduas at the Ecole du meuble, Riopelle met with other artists to discuss surrealism, political radicalism and psychoanalysis. In 1946 Riopelle exhibited in Montreal along with Borduas and several others, marking the inception of the Automatistes on Canadian soil and the first show in Canada by a group of Canadian abstract painters. Under the influence or surrealism, with its emphasis on the "liberation of the human spirit," Riopelle moved from figurative painting to the gestural abstractions for which he is now famous. After WWII, against the growing standardization and depersonalization of industrial capitalism, Riopelle's paintings were characterized by personal improvisation and "raw" gestures that attested to the uniquely human process by which they were made. To increase the spontaneity of his art, he used several experimental techniques: supple gestural brushstrokes (1946-49); the controlled drip techniques of squeezing paint directly from the tube onto the canvas ...
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