Marcel DUCHAMP |
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France 1887 - 1968
Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp was born on 28 July 1887, near Blainville, France. In 1904 he joined his artist brothers, Jacques Villon and Raymond Duchamp Villon, in Paris, where he studied painting at the Académie Julian until 1905. Duchamp's early works were Post-Impressionist in style. He exhibited for the first time in 1909 at the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d'Automne in Paris. His paintings of 1911 were directly related to Cubism but emphasized successive images of a single body in motion. In 1912 he painted the definitive version of Nude Descending a Staircase; this was shown at the Salon de la Section d'Or of that same year and subsequently created great controversy at the Armory Show in New York in 1913.
Duchamp's radical and iconoclastic ideas predated the founding of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. By 1913 he had abandoned traditional painting and drawing for various experimental forms including mechanical drawings, studies, and notations that would be incorporated in a major work, The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even of 1915-23. In 1914 Duchamp introduced his readymades — common objects, sometimes altered, presented as works of art — ...
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