Man RAY |
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United States (USA) 1890 - 1976
Man Ray, (Emmanuel Radnitzky).
A tireless experimenter with photographic techniques who participated in the Cubist, Dadaist, and Surrealist art movements, Man Ray created a new photographic art which emphasized chance effects and surprising juxtapositions. Unconcerned with "Craft," he employed solarization, grain enlargement, and cameraless prints (photograms) which he called "Rayographs" - made by placing objects directly on photographic paper and exposing them to the light. Man Ray was, with Moholy-Nagy, the most significant maker of cameraless photographs in the 1920s and 1930s.
As a painter, sculptor, and filmmaker, as well as a photographer, Man Ray brought his diverse techniques to bear upon one another in the attempt to create "disturbing objects. His life and art spoke of freedom, pleasure, and the desire for extended awareness and means of expression. His work has been a significant influence on Bill Brandt and Berenice Abbott (both of whom studied with and assisted him), and more recent photographers using multi-media techniques.
1890 Emmanuel Radnitsky is born on August 27 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. < ...
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