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TOP 10 Artists
1 DELVAUX Paul
2 MAGRITTE Rene
3 FOLON Jean-Michel
4 DALI Salvador
5 FINI Leonor
6 Man RAY
7 CARZOU Jean
8 BRASILIER Andre
9 ICART Louis
10 DANCHIN Leon
 
Media (1822)
Graphics [972]
Drawings [20]
Paintings [21]
Art Jewelry [2]
Ceramics [16]
Sculptures [66]
Posters [194]
Miscellaneous [2]
Philately [12]
Art Books [517]

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All Artists A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
ADAMI Valerio
AGAM Yaacov
ALECHINSKY Pierre
ALTMAN Harold
ANDIVERO Antonio
ANTONIO
APPEL Karel
ARBARETAZ Jean-Louis
ARMAN Fernandez
AVATI Mario
BAJ Enrico
BELLMER Hans
BEN (Benjamin VAUTIER)
BERROCAL Miguel
BERTRAN Andre
BEZ Jacqueline
BLANPAIN Jean-Pierre
BOGAERT Gaston
BONNARD Pierre
BONNEFOIT Alain
BRASILIER Andre
BRAYER Yves
BRILLANT Gilou
BRISSON Pierre-Marie
BUFFET Bernard
BURY Pol
CALDER Alexander
CARCAN Rene
CARZOU Jean
CATHELIN Bernard
CAVALLE Salvador
CESAR
CHAGALL Marc
COIGNARD James
CULPEPPER Joseph
DALI Salvador
DANCHIN Leon
DAVID Jose
De CHIRICO Giorgio
de KOONING Willem
de SAINT PHALLE Niki
DEBERDT Francoise
DEBUTLER Jacqueline
DEFOSSEZ Alfred
DEGANS Xavier
DELACROIX Eugene
DELAUNAY Robert
DELAUNAY Sonia
DELPORTE Charles
DELUCA Peter
DELVAUX Paul
DINE Jim
DONADINI Jean-Paul
DUPONT Michel
DUSSAU Georges
ENSOR James
ERNST Max
FAYET Marie-Therese
FINI Leonor
FITREMANN Gerard
FLAMENG Francois
FOLON Jean-Michel
FORT Esteve
FOUJITA Leonard
FULLA Prim
GANNE Yves
GANTNER Bernard
GAVEAU Claude
GLASER Milton
GOCKEL Alfred
GOEZU Andre
GORODINE Alexis
GRANGER Michel
GREENHALF Robert
GRENIER Didier
GRIGOR Rachel Anne
GUIRAMAND Paul
HARING Keith
HARTUNG Hans
HASEGAWA Shoichi
HAUCK Bernd
HAUCK Norma C
HEBBELINCK Francis
HEBBELINCK Roger
HEINE Jean
HELENON Serge
HERGE
HILAIRE Camille
HILON France
HOSTALLERO Gary
HUNDERTWASSER Friedrich
HWANG Kyu-Baik
ICART Louis
IVANOV Alexander
JANSSEN Horst
JORDEN Robert
KHNOPFF Fernand
KITSLAAR Hans
KLEE Paul
KOLLWITZ Kathe
KRAMER Mireille
KUHN Volker
KWASNIEWSKA Barbara
LABISSE Felix
LANDUYT Octave
LAURENCIN Marie
LEGER Fernand
LICHTENSTEIN Roy
LINCKE Hartmut
LUBAROW Renee
LUCEBERT
MADUZAC
MAGRITTE Rene
Man RAY
MARA Pol
MARTIN Magdeleine
MASSON Andre
MIRO Joan
MOTHERWELL Robert
MUNCH Edvard
MUNOZ Lucio
NELLENS Roger
PANAMARENKO
PAPART Max
PARKER Karen
PEDERSEN Carl-Henning
PEYNET Raymond
PICASSO Pablo
PIERRON Georges
PIROTTE Suzanne
RAFFLEWSKI Rolf
RASSENFOSSE Armand
REMBRANDT
RIAB Boris
RICHMOND Sally
RIVERA Antonio
RIVERS Larry
ROBERT Laurent
RODO-BOULANGER Graciela
ROPS Felicien
SAINT CLAIR P
SCHLICHTHOLZ Jorg
SCHNEUER David
SOMVILLE Roger
SOULAGES Pierre
SPAHN Victor
STERN Bernard
SZYMKOWICZ Charles
TANNING Dorothea
TAPIES Antoni
TATAFIORE Ernesto
THOMA Pierre
TING Walasse
TINGUELY Jean
TOBIASSE Theo
TOFFOLI Louis
TOULOUSE LAUTREC
TREMOIS Pierre-Yves
UBAC Raoul
UNKNOWN - INCONNU
URDIN Kiro
VALADIE Jean-Baptiste
VAN DONGEN Kees
VASARELY Victor
VILLON Jacques
WALKER Anne
WANG C C
WARE Martin
WEISBUCH Claude
WESSELMANN Tom
WUNDERLICH Paul
X Files
YVARAL Jean-Pierre
ZADKINE Ossip
ZANETTI Claire
ZAO WOU-KI
Robert MOTHERWELL
View this artist's available pieces here.
United States (USA)
1915 - 1991
Abstract Expressionism
MOTHERWELL Robert

Born Jan 24 1915, Aberdeen Washington, USA. Died July 16 1991.
American painter, Motherwell strongly believed that meaning is conveyed through gesture and structure, in the bold black marks and red slashes.
As an innovator of Abstract Expressionism, Motherwell played a major role in the history of modern American painting. He was the youngest and most prolific of the group of artists based in New York, where he continued to create new works until his death in 1991 at age 76.

His early training was in art history and aesthetics.Motherwell was a philosophy graduate of Stanford and Harvard, but showed early interest in art. His studies led him to Europe in the late 1930's where he obtained new insights into modern art. After his return to New York in 1940, Motherwell studied under the art historian Meyer Shapiro at Columbia University, and began experimenting with abstract gestures. He decided to devote himself completely to painting, a decision which held little promise for anything but hard work and probable discouragement. Yet, a few short years later, he was to find himself one of the leading figures in the best known American art movement, Abstract Expressionism. Motherwell's year in Europe placed him in a special position, allowing him to bridge not only the language barrier but also the aesthetic gulf which divided American artists from European surrealist artists in exile in New York, such as Andre Masson, Yves Tanguy and Max Ernst.
He studied painting with the Chilean Surrealist Matta in Mexico in 1941, when he adopted Surrealist psychic automatism.Motherwell was active in the transformation of European Surrealism, a movement motivated by the human psyche, and he guided its assimilation and acceptance by fellow American artists. As his own art evolved, he came to believe that when you have a pre-determined idea, you have academic art by definition. This concept of allowing the form to dictate the idea rather than the idea dictate the form was a radical concept in the 1940's and became the basis for the Abstract Expressionism movement, which included Jackson Pollock and Willem deKooning.

In the early 1940's, Motherwell experimented with lithography techniques at Atelier 17, a printing studio which attracted many young and promising artists in its day.
His first one-man show was at Peggy Guggenheim's gallery 'The Art of this Century' (1944). Soon after he became famous with his series known as 'Elegies to the Spanish Republic': horizontal paintings with black vertical Arp-like fomrs, alternately large and small, also reminiscnet of Matisse cutouts. He taught at Black Mountain College, North Carolina (from 1945) and Hunter College, N.Y. (1951-58). A leading art theorist, Motherwell was the editor od 'Documents of Modern Art', 'The Dada Painters and Poets' and, with A. Reinhardt, 'Modern Artists in America' (1951).

It was not until the early 1960's that Motherwell returned to printmaking to explore his artistic theories. Similar to his paintings, Motherwell experimented in his prints with a limited range of motifs and colors. In Running Elegy II, Red State, dense black forms consume the white of the paper while bright red flashes of color add dramatic flair and guide the eye around the fluid forms. Motherwell's extensive use of black has dominated his paintings and prints. In his own words, Motherwell would "use black massively as a color form rather than an absence of color. With an economy of style that resonates with passion, his work is to visual imagery what haiku is to lyrical poetry. Quiet, mysterious, dramatic and universal, it speaks collectively of life, death, love, loss and primal longing.

Also in the ASU Art Museum's collection is Robert Motherwell's painting Drawing with Red and Black Oval (1987). A legend in his own time, Motherwell received virtually everyhonor that could be bestowed upon a living artist. If you are interested in learning more about Motherwell's printing techniques and the role collaboration played in his artwork, read Reconciliation Elegy by Robert Motherwell and published by Rizzoli International in 1980. Also read Robert Motherwell: What Art Holds by Mary Ann Caws and published by Columbia University Press in 1996. ...

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