Robert MOTHERWELL |
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United States (USA) 1915 - 1991
Born Jan 24 1915, Aberdeen Washington, USA. Died July 16 1991.
American painter, Motherwell strongly believed that meaning is conveyed through gesture and structure, in the bold black marks and red slashes.
As an innovator of Abstract Expressionism, Motherwell played a major role in the history of modern American painting. He was the youngest and most prolific of the group of artists based in New York, where he continued to create new works until his death in 1991 at age 76.
His early training was in art history and aesthetics.Motherwell was a philosophy graduate of Stanford and Harvard, but showed early interest in art. His studies led him to Europe in the late 1930's where he obtained new insights into modern art. After his return to New York in 1940, Motherwell studied under the art historian Meyer Shapiro at Columbia University, and began experimenting with abstract gestures. He decided to devote himself completely to painting, a decision which held little promise for anything but hard work and probable discouragement. Yet, a few short years later, he was to find himself one of the leading figures in the best known American art movement, Abstract ...
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