Joan MIRO |
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Spain 1893 - 1985
Spanish painter, ceramicist, sculptor and graphic artist born April 20,1893, in Barcelona. He died in Majorca, Spain, on December 25, 1983.
His surrealist works, with their subject matter drawn from the realm of memory and imaginative fantasy, are some of the most original of the 20th century.
After overcoming considerable opposition from his father- a goldsmith by trade- Miro studied at Francesco Gali's School of Art in Barcelona from 1912 onwards. His early pictures were landscapes and portraits in which elements of folk art are combined with expressive fauvist gestures.
In 1919 he moved to Paris and the early influences of Van Gogh and the Fauves were succeeded by Picasso and Cubism.
By 1923 he was a prominent member of the Surrealists and signed their manifesto in 1924. He was part of
the first Surrealist exhibition, which was staged in the Galerie Pierre in 1926. Around this time Miro began producing his linear, dreamlike compositions. When the Civil War broke out, Miro left Spain and began to
paint the frightful visions which fill his 'wild' pictures.
From the late 1920's he had begun producing a wide r ...
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