Max ERNST |
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Germany 1891 - 1976
German born, in Brühl, Rineland in 1891, died Paris 1976.
German French painter, sculptor, collagist and inventor of Surrealist techniques. He pioneered a method called frottage, in which a sheet of paper is placed on the surface of an objectand then penciled over until the texture of the surface is transferred.
One of the most influential of the Surrealist painters.
After enroling at Bonn University in 1909, Ernst .He began to study philosophy at the University of Bonn in 1909, but neglected his studies of philosophy to became increasingly preoccupied with painting and was self-taught, but influenced by van Gogh and Macke.
Fascinated by the art of the insane. He met Macke in 1911 and through him the Blauer Reiter group.
Ernst began exhibiting in in 1913 at the First German Autumn Salon in Berlin organized by Macke and Kandinsky. Made his first visit to Paris in the same year. Spent the war as an artillery engineer. The paintings of de Chirico helped to stimulate his interest in dream-like fantastic imagery, and he founded the Cologne Dada group with Baargeld and Arp (1919-21).
After the war Ernst became a leading figure in the ...
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