Giorgio De CHIRICO |
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Greece 1888 - 1978
De Chirico, Giorgio was born in Volos (Greece), 10 July 1888 and died the 20th November 1978 in Rome
Giorgio de Chirico was the inventor of pittura metafisica (metaphysical painting), a unique and enigmatic style which served as the precursor to many artistic movements including Dada, Futurism, and Surrealism. De Chirico had his roots in surrealism, but his main source was the Swiss Artist: Arnold Bocklin (1827-1901). "De Chirico found in bocklin the very qualities that Italian Futurism most hated - mystery, nostalgia for the past, and a tremulous feeling for what is history-bound, rather than "objective" or "progressive", in human character. By 1910 he was living in Florence, where he began painting a unique series of landscapes such as "The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon" (1910).The motifs were often from the cities Ferrara and Turin. The places seem airless, the sun looks like late afternoon, and the weather is always the same. Perspectives are long and theatrical. The eye becomes frustrated because De Chirico on the same time uses one-point perspective and a flattened picture plane. Typical for De Chiricos paintings is that human life has been turned into tiny fa ...
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