Marc CHAGALL |
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Russian (Fed.) 1887 - 1985
Marc Chagall (1887-1985) was a Russian-born French painter and designer distinguished for his surrealistic inventiveness. He is recognized as one of the most significant painters and graphic artists of the 20th century.
Chagall was born July 7, 1887, in Vitsyebsk, Russia (now in Belarus)
He moved to Paris in 1910 at the age of 23, where he was influenced by Fauvism and Cubism. He rapidly developed his own style, and became a major contributor to the Surrealist movement. His primary theme was Jewish life and folklore,as in I and the Village (1911, Museum of Modern Art, New York City), and incidents in his private life, as in the print series Mein Leben (German for "My Life," 1922), in addition to treatments of Jewish subjects, of which The Praying Jew (1914, Art Institute of Chicago) is one.
Between 1915 and 1917 he lived in Saint Petersburg; after the Russian Revolution he was director of the Art Academy in Vitsyebsk from 1918 to 1919 and was art director of the Moscow Jewish State Theater from 1919 to 1922. In 1923, he moved to France, where he spent most of the rest of his life. He died in St. Paul de Vence, France, on March 28, 1985.
As a skilled graphic artist, he began making lithographs and etchings early in his career, which assisted him in his creation of more than one-thousand fine art prints. In 1941 the New York Museum of Modern art invited him to America where he remained until 1946. His commissions included the Metropolitan Opera of New York and the Paris Opera, where he painted a magnificent ceiling.Chagall's distinctive use of color and form is derived partly from Russian expressionism and was influenced decisively by French cubism. His numerous works represent characteristically vivid recollections of Russian-Jewish village scenes. His works combine recollection with folklore and fantasy. Biblical themes characterize a series of etchings executed between 1925 and 1939, illustrating the Old Testament, and the 12 stained-glass windows in the Hadassah Hospital of the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem.
In 1973 Musée National Message Biblique Marc Chagall (National Museum of the Marc Chagall Biblical Message) was opened in Nice, France, to house hundreds of his biblical works. Chagall executed many prints illustrating literary classics. A canvas completed in 1964 covers the ceiling of the Opéra in Paris, and two large murals (1966) hang in the lobby of the Metropolitan Opera House in New York City.
Truly one of the great painters of all time, Chagall's works are sought after by museums and private collectors alike. At auctions, his works of art now fetch handsome prices.
1887 Born July 7 in Vitsyebsk to a humble Jewish family in the ghetto of a large town in White Russia.
1908 "Candles in the Dark". (artist's collection)
1910 Set off for Paris, 'the Mecca of art'. He was a tenant at La Ruche, where he had Modigliani and Soutine for neighbours.
1911 "I and the Village". (Museum of Modern Art, New York City)
1914 Chagall returned to Vitebsk, where he was caught by the outbreak of the First World War. "The Praying Jew". (Art Institute of Chicago)
1915 He married Bella Rosenfeld. Lived in Saint Petersbourg.
1917 He was appointed provincial Commissar for Fine Art and became involved in ambitious projects for a local academy.
1918-1919 After the Russian Revolution, he was director of the Art Academy in Vitsyebsk.
1919-1922 He was director of the Moscow Jewish State Theater.
1923 He returned to Paris.
1925-1939 Biblical themes characterize a series of etchings executed illustrating the Old Testament.
1941-48 Breton, who admired the 'total lyric explosion' of his pre-war painting, tried to claim him for Surrealism but Chagall only flirted with it briefly during his exile in New York.
1950 He settled in the south of France, at Vence.
1957 Commissions poured in: for the Assy baptister.
1960 The cathedrals of Metz.
1962 Biblical themes characterize a series of etchings executed illustrating the 12 stained-glass windows in the Hadassah Hospital of the Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center in Jerusalem.
1963 The Paris Opéra.
1966 He settled in the South of France, in Saint-Paul-de-Vence.
1973 National Museum of the Marc Chagall Biblical Message was opened in Nice (France) to house hundreds of his biblical works.
1974 The cathedrals of Rheims.
1985 Marc Chagall died in St Paul de Vence (France) on March 28. ...
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