Marc CHAGALL |
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Russian (Fed.) 1887 - 1985
Marc Chagall (1887-1985) was a Russian-born French painter and designer distinguished for his surrealistic inventiveness. He is recognized as one of the most significant painters and graphic artists of the 20th century.
Chagall was born July 7, 1887, in Vitsyebsk, Russia (now in Belarus)
He moved to Paris in 1910 at the age of 23, where he was influenced by Fauvism and Cubism. He rapidly developed his own style, and became a major contributor to the Surrealist movement. His primary theme was Jewish life and folklore,as in I and the Village (1911, Museum of Modern Art, New York City), and incidents in his private life, as in the print series Mein Leben (German for "My Life," 1922), in addition to treatments of Jewish subjects, of which The Praying Jew (1914, Art Institute of Chicago) is one.
Between 1915 and 1917 he lived in Saint Petersburg; after the Russian Revolution he was director of the Art Academy in Vitsyebsk from 1918 to 1919 and was art director of the Moscow Jewish State Theater from 1919 to 1922. In 1923, he moved to France, where he spent most of the rest of his life. He died in St. Paul de Vence, France, on March 28, 1985.
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