Bernard BUFFET |
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France 1928 - 1999
French painter, born in Paris on 10 july 1928. Died on october 1999.
He took courses at the Beaux-Arts Academy and at Darbefeuille. Later, he was influenced by the great Realist painters of the nineteenth century, as well as by Gruber. He first exhibition was in 1947, at a bookstore in the Latin Quarter, where he was noticed by Pierre Descargues. In 1948, he received the Prix de la Critique, and Emmanuel David, who became his dealer, was impressed by the rigor of his Miserabilist style and the asceticism of his angular, vertical traits, reduced to their simplest expression.
In 1955, at the gallery Drouant-David, he exhibited his Horreur de la guerre (the horror of war), a denunciation of concentration camps.
Each year from 1955 on, he exhibited thematic series: Le cirque (circus), Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc), Les oiseaux (birds), Le museum, La corrida (bullfight), Les folles (madwomen), and so on. In 1958, when he married Annabel, he had a highly successful retrospective at the gallery Charpentier. He illustrated books by Giono, Cyrano de Bergerac, and Cocteau, among others, and designed ballet sets for Roland petit. In 1973, the Bernard Buffet Museum opened at Surugadaira, Japan, where his popularity is skyrocketing.Bernard Buffet was born July 10, 1928 in Paris. In December 1943, he entered the « Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts » where he studied for two years. After this he worked alone. In 1946, he had his first painting shown, a self-portrait, at the Salon des Moins de Trente Ans at the Galerie Beaux-Arts. In 1947, he exhibited « L'homme accoudé » at the Salon des Indépendants and in December of the same year he had his first solo exhibition , at the Art Impressions book shop in Paris, organised by Guy Weelen and Michel Brient. Raymond Cogniat bought, for the Paris National Museum of Modem Art, a painting entitled « Nature morte au poulet ».
In April 1948, the painting « Le Buveur » was exhibited at the « Jeune Peinture exhibition » organised at the Galerie Drouant-David. His painting was bought by Doctor Girardin, who, at his death, left it to the Paris Museum of Modern Art.
At this time Emmanuel David asked him to sign an exclusive contract with his gallery. This contract was then, to be shared by Maurice Garnier.
In June of the same year, he was awarded the Critic's Prize at the Galerie Saint-Placide in Paris, in conjunction with Lorjou. In July there was an exhibition of his works at this same gallery. In November he exhibited: « La ravaudeuse de filet » in the Salon d'Automne. This painting was also bought by Doctor Girardin and was also left to the Paris Museum of Modern Art upon Doctor Girardin's death.
Beginning in 1949 yearly exhibitions were held in February at the Galerie Drouant-David, and as of 1957 at the Galerie David and Garnier, and finally at Galerie Maurice Garnier.
The themes for these exhibitions were:
1952 - The Passion of Christ
1953 - Landscapes
1954 - Interiors
1955 - Horror of the war
1956 - The Circus
1957 - Paris Landscapes
1958 - Joan of Arc
1959 - New-York Landscapes
1960 - The Birds
1961 - Portraits of Annabel
1962 - The Chapelle de Château l'Arc
1963 - Venice Landscapes
1964 - The Bemard Buffet Museum
1965 - The Ecorchés
1966 - Nudes
1967 - The Corrida
1968 - The Beaches
1969 - Churches of France
1970 - Castles of the Loire Valley
1971 - Fools
1972 - Daniele and Virginie
1973 - The Boats
1974 - Landscapes
1975 - Landscapes
1976 - Winter Landscapes
1977 - « Dante's Infemo. »
1978 - The French Revolution 1979 - The Flowers
1980 - Nudes
1981 - Japan
1982 - Self Portraits
1983 - Landscapes
1984 - Small Paintings
1985 - The Automobile
1986 - The Low Countries
1987 - Venice Landscapes
1988 - Sumo and Kabuki
1988 - Natures mortes
1989 - Don Quichotte
1990 - 20.000 Leagues Under the Sea.
1990 - Britanny
1991 - Sees of New York
1991 - Remembers of Italy
1992 - Les clowns musiciens
1992 - Saint-Pétersbourg
1993 - L'Empire or the pleasurs of the war
1993 - Promenade Provençale
1994 - L'Odyssée
1995 - Les sept péchés capitaux
1996 - Pékin
1997 - Régates
1998 - The house
1999 - Mes singes
2000 - The death
In 1949, Pierre Descargues published Bernard Buffet at the « Presses Littéraires de France ».
ln 1951, his friend Jean Giono let him a small house in Manosque where he lived for a short while before renting an ancient « bergerie » in Nanse, near Reillanne, 17 kilomètres from Manosque. He worked there until 1954.
In 1953, Louis Aragon wrote, in les Lettres Françaises, an article entitled Le Paysage Français a quatre siècles et Bernard Buffet 24 ans (Four Centuries of French Landscape Painting and the 24 Years Old Bernard Buffet).
In 1955, he was awarded the first prize by the magazine Connaissance des arts, which named the 10 best post-war artists. He met Georges Simenon who became his close friend. He bought property in Domont, near Paris, that he left the following year to live at the « Château l'Arc » near Aix-en-Provence, which was to be his main residence until 1964.
In 1958, at the age of 30, the first retrospective of his work was held at Galerie Charpentier.
The same year Pierre Berge published Bernard Buffet at Editions Pierre Cailler, and Georges Hourdin published l'Enfer et le Ciel de Bernard Buffet at Cerf.
December 12,1958 Bernard Buffet married Annabel Schwob at Ramatuelle.
In 1961 he painted a series of paintings depicting the life of Jesus Christ, intended to decorate the Chapelle de Château l'Arc. Ten years later, at the request of Monseigneur Pasquale Macci (secretary to Pope Paul VI) he offered these paintings to the Vatican Museum where they remain on permanent exhibition.
In 1964 Maurice Druon published Bernard Buffet at Editions Hachette. Bernard Buffet bought « la Vallée » in Saint-Cast in Britanny where he worked until 1970.
From 1965 to 1971 he lived both in Britanny and Paris.
In May, 1971 he was named « Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur ». In May ,1971 his son Nicolas was born.
November 23, 1973 the Bernard Buffet Museum was inaugurated ; it was founded by Kiichiro Okano, in Surugadaira, Japan.
March 13, 1974 he was elected to the Academie des Beaux-Arts.
In 1978, at the request of the Postal Administration, he designed a stamp depicting l'Institut et le Pont des Arts .
In 1980 he got a Manor in Normandy, which he left in 1986 to live at the Domaine de la Baume, near Tourtour in the Haut-Var.
In 1986, Annabel published D'amour et d'eau fraîche at Sylvie Messinger, and Georges Durand, la Divine Comédie de Bernard Buffet at Desclée de Brouwer.
In 1986, « Bernard Buffet » by Yann le Pichon edited by Maurice Garnier, obtained the Elie Faure Award.
December 9, 1988 a large extension to the Bernard Buffet Museum was inaugurated in Japan.
In 1989, Alin Alexis Avila published « Bernard Buffet », edited by Nouvelles Editions Françaises aux Editions Casterman.
Bernard Buffet has had many solo exhibitions world-wide, including London, New-York, Chicago, Palm Beach, Montreal, Rome, Venice, Milan, Amsterdam, Brussels, Basel, Zurich, Geneva, Tokyo, Madrid, Warsaw and Johannesburg.
The major retrospective exhibitions of his work include :
In 1958 : Galerie Charpentier, ...
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